The rail sector is seeking to improve its competitiveness with the digitisation of signalling systems, the improvement of on-board connectivity and the optimisation of its production to cope better with new entrants and the increasingly present Chinese competitors.
The various players of the railway sector are investing massively in new generations of signalling systems such as ERTMS (Europe) and PTC (United States). Using wireless telecommunications technology (GSM) and communicating on-board electronic systems.
On the other hand, the improvement of high-speed rolling stock continues: 2016 was particularly marked by the launch of the new TGV-NG (new generation) project and the Amtrak bullet train contract in the United States.
To draw in the new connected generation, rail manufacturers and transport players continue to deploy the 3G/4G network, in collaboration with telecommunications operators. In France, the SNCF and RATP are targeting a coverage of 90% of users by 2020.
Plant optimisation have also become a major concern. Alstom has set up a new organisation that brings its global plants into competition with each other, and Bombardier has begun the integration of new technologies, such as augmented reality, into its plants.