The defence industry performed excellently in 2016 with a large number of arms contracts as well as modernisation programmes. In the security sector, investment is driven by the terrorist threat and IT security.
At a time of high pressure on budgets, countries have to meet several challenges. Technology is making existing equipment obsolete. The trend is therefore for refit programmes (SCORPION programme). Joint equipment also makes it possible to reduce costs while reinforcing alliances for countries (European Male drone project)
Terrorism has become the main security problem for countries in the 21st century. In this context, domestic security measures have been reinforced (state of emergency, Intelligence Act, border control).
Between 2012 and 2015, financial losses linked to cyber-criminality doubled in the United States, according to the FBI, and represented €3 billion in France in 2015 according to McAfee. In light of this, governments and companies have increased their cybersecurity expenditure. According to a recent study by PAC, sales of cyber security software and services will be nearly €3 billion by 2019.